Installing aftermarket parts to enhance the performance and efficiency of your vehicle is common. One such aftermarket part is the cold air intake. However, before installing this on your vehicle, you should consider whether this will help or harm your engine?
Cold air intakes are generally a safe upgrade for a naturally aspirated engine, however, some aftermarket installations can lead to issues with surge idling and surgelocking. These can result in efficiency and performance problems, cause high idling and stalling, and eventually lead to expensive engine repairs.
While a cold air intake does have the potential to cause engine damage, knowing the signs of a problem and what steps to take to prevent the issues can ensure the part helps rather than harms your vehicle.
Keep reading to learn more about the cold air intake and how to benefit from its presence in your vehicle!
How Does a Cold Air Intake Work?
Cold air intake systems are designed to send cool air into your vehicle’s engine. Since it has smoother and shorter piping and the filter is placed strategically, it will bring cooler air into your vehicle’s engine more efficiently than non-cold air intake systems can.
Cold air is better for engine induction because it’s denser than hot air.
When icy cold air moves into your engine, it combusts faster than hot air provided by the traditional stock airbox.
Over time, this can increase the efficiency and power of your engine.
Signs of Issues with Aftermarket Cold Air Intake Systems
Because the cold air intake system moves air into the engine, issues that may arise can cause problems with your car’s drivability. If a cold air intake issue occurs, you may notice other symptoms and problems with your vehicle.
Some of the signs of a problem with your cold air intake include:
#1 Surging Idle
A higher-than-normal idle is an indication the cold air intake may have a problem. It could be an indication of a vacuum leak.
Some cold air intake systems include vacuum ports. The purpose is to accommodate the original vacuum routing installed by the vehicle manufacturer.
If the hoses on the ports come loose or break, or if the ports break, the vacuum may leak, causing your vehicle to have a high idle.
#2 Check Engine Light Appears
Has your check engine light recently turned on?
If the sensors in the intake detect a problem, they can cause this light to appear to let you know there is a problem.
While the check engine light may appear for several reasons, including faulty sensors and vacuum leaks. The cold air intake brings cold air to your vehicle’s engine and impacts how it operates.
#3 Reduced Engine Performance
The way your engine performs can be impacted by the efficiency of the cold air intake.
For example, engine power, fuel efficiency, and acceleration will be reduced if the air filter in the cold air intake is clogged or dirty.
In really bad scenarios, a dirty filter may make it hard to start your vehicle.
How the Cold Air Intake May Damage Your Engine
Now that you know the signs of a problem caused by the cold air intake, it’s a good idea to know what may happen to your engine if you don’t act fast and seek the needed repairs.
Some of the potential consequences are highlighted here!
1. Dirt and Debris in the Engine
Aftermarket cold air intake systems have filters made of different materials based on the brand. The filter is the only thing standing between your engine and debris getting inside.
Foam filters offer more horsepower, but they are also more susceptible to letting dirt and debris into the engine, which can lead to other performance problems.
One of the biggest engine-related concerns when using a cold air intake is hydrolocking. This occurs if your engine takes in water rather than air.
The water can become trapped inside the engine cylinders. Since water will not compress, it can damage the pistons and cause the connecting rods to bend.
Clearly not a good outcome!
3. Air Roll Issues
If there is a 90-degree angle in the intake bend, it can cause the air to roll as it moves into the engine.
While rolly air may sound pleasant, I can assure you that it isn’t for your engine!
If this happens, it may affect the accuracy of the mass air meter readings. When this happens, the fuel to air ratio adjusts, which may result in your vehicle stalling.
How to Keep Your Cold Air Intake Working Properly
To benefit from a cold air intake, be sure to clean it at the proper intervals and know the right amount of oil to use.
While it may vary from one part to another, a general rule of thumb is to clean the cold air intake every 30K miles. You should also follow the provided manufacturer’s instructions to minimize potential issues.
Be sure to check the filter for the cold air intake by holding it up to a light source. If there are any air gaps, a new filter is needed.
Ensure that nothing is rubbing the component when installed and that the clamps are loose enough to allow small adjustments when needed. This is going to minimize potential damage to the cold air intake that may impact its performance.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Does a Cold Air Intake Work?
The increase in fuel efficiency and horsepower varies from one vehicle to another, but a cold air intake can improve your vehicle’s performance.
How Much Will a Cold Air Intake System Cost?
The cost of updating your vehicle’s built-in intake system to a cold air intake system can cost from $150 to $500. It depends on the system that you choose since there are different types available.
Is a Cold Air Intake System Really Worth the Investment?
Engines require a steady flow of air for fuel combustion to occur. The cold air intake system will help improve the airflow to the engine and enhance horsepower and efficiency.
Today, you can find kits in several designs and colors, which can not only improve engine performance but make a good impression when you pop the hood.
The Bottom Line
The short answer to if a cold air intake can damage your engine is, “yes.” However, with proper installation, care, and maintenance, you can reduce the likelihood of these issues.
Also, knowing the signs of a problem will ensure that you take action before more serious damage occurs.